In SQL, bitwise operations can be performed using specific operators that are available in most SQL database management systems. The most commonly used bitwise operators are:
1. **Bitwise AND (***&*): This operator compares each bit of two integers and returns a new integer with bits set to 1 where both input bits are 1.
2. **Bitwise OR (***|*): This operator compares each bit of two integers and returns a new integer with bits set to 1 where at least one of the input bits is 1.
3. **Bitwise XOR (***^*): This operator compares each bit of two integers and returns a new integer with bits set to 1 where the corresponding bits of the operands are different.
4. **Bitwise NOT (***~*): This operator inverts all bits of the integer.
Here's how to use these operators in SQL. Note that availability and specific syntax can vary slightly between SQL dialects, so double-check the documentation for your specific SQL database (like MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQL Server, Oracle, etc.).
###### Examples

1. **Bitwise AND**:
SELECT 5 & 3 AS BitwiseAnd; -- 5 is 0101 in binary, 3 is 0011; Result is 1 (0001)

2. **Bitwise OR**:
SELECT 5 | 3 AS BitwiseOr; -- Result is 7 (0111)

3. **Bitwise XOR**:
SELECT 5 ^ 3 AS BitwiseXor; -- Result is 6 (0110)

4. **Bitwise NOT**:
SELECT ~5 AS BitwiseNot; -- Result is -6 (inverts the bits of 5: 0101 becomes 1010)

###### Bitwise Operations on Table Columns

You can also use bitwise operations on columns in a table:
SELECT id, status, status & 1 AS IsActive
FROM users
WHERE (status & 2) > 0; -- This selects users whose status has the second bit set

###### Important Notes

- The specific behavior and support for bitwise operations can vary between SQL databases. For example, *BITAND* or *BIT_XOR* functions may exist in some SQL databases rather than using a simple operator.
- Make sure to verify the syntax and capabilities in your SQL dialect when implementing bitwise operations.